Plant Diversity Study on Four Suburban Farms in Santiago de Cuba

  • Belyani Vargas Batis, M. Sc Eng. Agronomy, Master in Environmental Management, Assistant professor Department of Agronomy Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy University of Oriente
  • Larisbel Candó González, Eng. Eng. Agronomy, Programming Specialist Provincial Sugar Production Company Santiago de Cuba. Cuba
  • Maiquel Ramírez Sosa, Eng. Eng. Forestry, Forestry Specialist Assistant Professor Department of Agronomy Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy University of Oriente
  • Miriela Rizo Mustelier, BS B.S Physics, Master in Business Management Assistant Professor Department of Agronomy Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy University of Oriente
  • Yoannia Gretel Pupo Blanco, Dr. Ph.D B.S Biology, PhD. Agricultural Sciences, Full Professor Department of Biology Faculty of Agricultural Sciences University of Granma
  • Leivis González Pozo Agronomy Student (4th year). Scientific Team, Environmental Management of Agricultural Ecosystems Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy University of Oriente
  • Daniel Rafael Vuelta Lorenzo, M. Sc. Eng. Agronomy Master in Sustainable Agricultural Development Associate Professor Department of Agronomy Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy University of Oriente
  • Tatiana Dora Bell Mesa, M. Sc. B.S Biology Master in Education Sciences Assistant Professor Department of Agronomy Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy University of Oriente
  • Lilian Bárbara Molina Lores, M. Sc. Eng. Agronomy Master in Education Sciences Assistant Professor Department of Agronomy Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy University of Oriente

Resumen

The aim of this paper was to evaluate the diversity behavior of plants grown on four suburban farms in the province of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. Lots of 100 m2 were made for species count. After identification, a floristic list was made. The plants within the same taxonomic category were counted, and the botanical composition was evaluated based on the number of individuals, family, genuses, and species. The group abundance criterion was used to include food plant species, and ecosystem, ornamental, and medicinal services, which were calculated as diversity indicators of alpha diversity (S), Berger-Parker Dominance (d), and general diversity (Shannon H´). For the Beta diversity, the Jaccard index (Ji), Sorenson index (SSi), and Ecological Dependence (ED) were taken into consideration. A total of 39 269 individuals from 45 families, 72 genuses, and 87 species were identified. The botanical composition varied, with an increasing tendency in the number of individuals of the ornamental and medicinal species; the most numerous families were Asteraceae, Leguminosae, Musaceae, Poaceae and Solanaceae. The alpha diversity underwent an increase from one season to another, with values within the set range for each indicator, except for the Shannon H´ index on La Caballería Farm in both periods. The similitude moved between low and dissimilitude, which evidenced the presence of very specific species adapted to the particular environmental conditions of each place.

Publicado
2018-05-28
Cómo citar
Vargas Batis, B., Candó González, L., Ramírez Sosa, M., Rizo Mustelier, M., Pupo Blanco, Y., González Pozo, L., Vuelta Lorenzo, D., Bell Mesa, T., & Molina Lores, L. (2018). Plant Diversity Study on Four Suburban Farms in Santiago de Cuba. Agrisost, 23(3), 77-95. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.reduc.edu.cu/index.php/agrisost/article/view/2357
Sección
Artículos científicos

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