Diversity of plant species on suburban farms in Santiago de Cuba

  • Belyani Vargas Batis Forestry Eng. Master in Environmental Management, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy, University of Oriente
  • Larisbel Candó González Agronomy Eng. Programmer. Provincial Sugar Company, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
  • Yoannia Gretel Pupo Blanco Ba in Biology, PhD. Agricultural Sciences, Full Professor. Department of Biology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Granma
  • Maiquel Ramírez Sosa Forestry Eng. Specialist in forestry, Assistant professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy, University of Oriente
  • Yatniel Escobar Perea Last year Agronomy student. Scientific team, Environmental Management of Agricultural Ecosystems
  • Miriela Rizo Mustelier Ba in Physics, Master in Business Management. Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy, University of Oriente
  • Lilian Bárbara Molina Lores Forestry Eng. Agronomist, MSc in Education, Assistant professor. Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy, University of Oriente
  • Tatiana Dora Bell Mesa Ba in Biology, Master in Environmental Management, Assistant Professor. Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy, University of Oriente
  • Daniel Rafael Vuelta Lorenzo Forestry Eng. Agronomist, Master of Sustainable Agriculture Development, Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Agronomy, University of Oriente
Palabras clave: agrobiodiversity, diversity on the farm, suburban farming

Resumen

The aim of the study was to evaluate the behavior of arborescent and shrub-like activity on four suburban farms in the province of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. 100 m2 plots were created for species count. A flower list was made after species identification, then the alpha (α) diversity indicators were calculated (Species abundance (S), Dominance (Simpson D), and General Diversity (Shannon, H). The indicators for the beta diversity were Jaccard (Ij), Morisita-Horn (IM-H), and Ecological Subordination (ES). The data collected included 62 509 individuals from 65 families, 154 genders, and 183 species. For both groups, the alpha indicators showed an increasing trend between periods, with values ranging within the parameters for each indicator. La Caballería farm was the exception, where the Shannon diversity index (H) was not within the set range for proper diversity and abundance during the dry season. The beta diversity indicators showed differing values among the samples studied, which prove the existence of specific species adapted to the environmental conditions of the place.

Publicado
2017-01-06
Cómo citar
Vargas Batis, B., Candó González, L., Pupo Blanco, Y., Ramírez Sosa, M., Escobar Perea, Y., Rizo Mustelier, M., Molina Lores, L., Bell Mesa, T., & Vuelta Lorenzo, D. (2017). Diversity of plant species on suburban farms in Santiago de Cuba. Agrisost, 22(2), 1-20. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.reduc.edu.cu/index.php/agrisost/article/view/297
Sección
Artículos científicos