The Drought Hazard: Risk Perceptions and Educational Actions that Promote Resilience in the Cuban Population

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Elizabet Godefoy Núñez
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1380-8055
Sahilí Cristiá Lara
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4037-3915

Resumen

Context: The study of subjectivity in face of natural dangers is being conducted in Cuba as part of the Studies of Hazard, Vulnerability, and Risk by the Environmental Agency of CITMA in Cuban provinces. Droughts require control plans that reduce the negative effects of droughts and the repercussions on the population exposed.


Aim: To characterize perceptions and groups, according to the risk perception levels (high, medium, low), of the Cuban population before the occurrence of droughts, to design educational actions that lead to adaptation and resilience of the population affected.


Methods: This paper relies on the quantitative method, using the analyses of the data recorded in the following sources of information: Reports on Hazard, Vulnerability, and Risk Analysis (HVA), 2011-2018), and the Survey on Risk Perception on the Hazard of Droughts (2011-2018).


Results: Drought risk perception characterizes by the recognition of drought intensity and their dangerousness in relation to other natural hazards.


Conclusions: The perception that prevailed throughout the study was the medium. Most of the population recognized the role of the government and state institutions and their concern about the consequences of droughts and the confidence of the population in these organizations to fight these conditions. The action proposal permits organizing and materializing the educational work objectively, to promote proper resilience in the Cuban population in relation to droughts.

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Resumen

Context: The study of subjectivity in face of natural dangers is being conducted in Cuba as part of the Studies of Hazard, Vulnerability, and Risk by the Environmental Agency of CITMA in Cuban provinces. Droughts require control plans that reduce the negative effects of droughts and the repercussions on the population exposed.


Aim: To characterize perceptions and groups, according to the risk perception levels (high, medium, low), of the Cuban population before the occurrence of droughts, to design educational actions that lead to adaptation and resilience of the population affected.


Methods: This paper relies on the quantitative method, using the analyses of the data recorded in the following sources of information: Reports on Hazard, Vulnerability, and Risk Analysis (HVA), 2011-2018), and the Survey on Risk Perception on the Hazard of Droughts (2011-2018).


Results: Drought risk perception characterizes by the recognition of drought intensity and their dangerousness in relation to other natural hazards.


Conclusions: The perception that prevailed throughout the study was the medium. Most of the population recognized the role of the government and state institutions and their concern about the consequences of droughts and the confidence of the population in these organizations to fight these conditions. The action proposal permits organizing and materializing the educational work objectively, to promote proper resilience in the Cuban population in relation to droughts.

Article Details

Cómo citar
Godefoy Núñez, E., & Cristiá Lara, S. (2021). The Drought Hazard: Risk Perceptions and Educational Actions that Promote Resilience in the Cuban Population. Agrisost, 27(3), 1-10. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.reduc.edu.cu/index.php/agrisost/article/view/e3919
Sección
Sostenibilidad de la producción agropecuaria

Citas

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