Evaluación de la marcha en pacientes lesionados medulares en el Centro Internacional de Restauración Neurológica

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Alexander Echemendia del Valle
Armando Sentmanat Belisón
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4763-4284
Barbara Yumila Noa Pelier
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7277-4430
Reinaldo Gómez Pérez
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8925-7993

Resumen

Introducción: La lesión medular se puede considerar como cualquier alteración sobre la médula espinal que puede producir alteraciones en el movimiento, la sensibilidad o la función autónoma por debajo del nivel de lesión, entre las principales limitaciones se encuentra la perdida de la marcha, la cual en la mayoría de los casos representa la mayor prioridad de recuperación de los pacientes.
Objetivo: Evaluar la marcha en los pacientes lesionados medulares en el Centro Internacional de Restauración Neurológica.
Materiales y métodos: Para el estudio se seleccionó una muestra aleatoria de 30 pacientes de una población de 60 pacientes entre los años 2017- 2019, los cuales cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y realizaron actividades de marcha evaluadas con la escala walking spinal cord injury versión II. Los datos obtenidos fueron procesados con el software estadístico SPSS 28.
Resultados: Los resultados obtenidos mostraron cambios estadísticamente significativos en la muestra analizada por sexo, por región afectada, por tiempo de rehabilitación de la marcha y de forma general.
Conclusiones: La evaluación de la marcha arrojo que las actividades de marcha realizadas en el Centro Internacional de restauración neurológica fueron efectivas y produjeron cambios significativos en la marcha de los pacientes.

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Echemendia del Valle, A., Sentmanat Belisón, A., Noa Pelier, B., & Gómez Pérez, R. (2023). Evaluación de la marcha en pacientes lesionados medulares en el Centro Internacional de Restauración Neurológica. Ciencia Y Deporte, 8(1), Pág(s): e4242. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.reduc.edu.cu/index.php/cienciaydeporte/article/view/4242
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