Antidiarrheal Effects of Anacardium occidentale L. Leaf Powder on Newborn Chicks

  • Nielser Cañete Sera Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Granma, Cuba. Carretera Manzanillo km. 171/2. P.O.Box21, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba, Zip 85100.
  • Yordan Martínez Aguilar Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Granma, Cuba. Carretera Manzanillo km. 171/2. P.O.Box21, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba, Zip 85100.
  • Armando Escalona Rosabal Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Granma, Cuba. Carretera Manzanillo km. 171/2. P.O.Box21, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba, Zip 85100.
  • Dairon Más Toro Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Granma, Cuba. Carretera Manzanillo km. 171/2. P.O.Box21, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba, Zip 85100.
Palabras clave: antidiarrheal, leaf, cashew nut, chicks, replacement


To evaluate the antidiarrheal effects of Anacardium occidentale L. leaf powder, 45 two-day old White Leghorn hybrid chicks (L-33) were included in an experiment following a completely randomized design with three treatments, for 8 hours. The feed treatments consisted in basal diet (BD), BD + 1.0 % of Anacardium occidentale L. leaf powder, and BD + 1.5 % of A. occidentale leaf powder. The consumption of feeds accumulated and the initial and final live weights were determined. Besides, the incidence of diarrhea was calculated at 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours after inducing diarrhea with castor oil. Then, five chicks were sacrificed per treatment; the accessory organs of the immune system and the viscera were weighed. The intestinal pH was analyzed and the hematocrit levels were measured. The initial and final live weights, and feed consumption of the newborn diarrheal chickens remained stable (P > 0.05) among the treatments. Likewise, the liver, glandular stomach, muscular stomach, the relative weights of the small and large intestines, and the intestinal pH, did not have statistically significant variations (P > 0.05). Nevertheless, supplementation with the medicinal powder changed (P < 0.05) the relative weight of the pancreas, heart, thymus gland, and bursa of Fabricius. The T2 treatment (1.5 %) decreased the incidence of diarrhea significantly (P < 0.05) compared to the other treatments. However, the experimental treatments did not alter (P > 0.05) the concentration of hematocrits in the newborn chicks. Supplementation of 1.5 % of Anacardium occidentale L. leaf powder is recommended for use in newborn poultry with metabolic diarrhea.


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