Evaluation of Fattening Efficiency of Grazing Bulls through Panel Data Envelop Analysis

  • Carlos S. Torres-Inga Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Ecuador
  • Guillermo E. Guevara-Viera Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Ecuador
  • Raúl V. Guevara-Viera Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Ecuador
  • Lino M. Curbelo-Rodríguez Ignacio Agramonte Loynaz University of Camagüey, Cuba
  • Jorge A. Estévez-Alfayate Ignacio Agramonte Loynaz University of Camagüey, Cuba
  • Ángel E. Ceró-Rizo Ignacio Agramonte Loynaz University of Camagüey, Cuba
  • Mary Jo Díaz y Aguirre Ignacio Agramonte Loynaz University of Camagüey, Cuba
  • Javier Aguirre PROMETEO Project, Department of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation, Quito, Ecuador

Resumen

The purpose of this paper was to assess fattening efficiency changes in grazing bulls, using panel data envelop analysis in two periods of time. The panel data were compiled by DEAP 2.1, which included the results of a 3-year period from 38 private farms (beef farms) in cooperatives of credits and services. The farms were on prairie savannahs, located on 21.4831 latitude, and -77.3174 longitude, less than 300 meters above sea level, province of Camagüey, mideastern Cuba. The output variable was total sold kg (TSKG), and the input variables were cost of Norgold (CN), fuel kg per ha (FKGXHA), fuel kg per livestock unit (FKGXLU), and unit of human labor force (UHL), which were highly correlated to the output variable. Table 2 shows that technical efficiency (TE), pure efficiency (PEC), and scale sufficiency (SEC), underwent 0.2%, 0.4, and 0.5%, respectively, by the third year of fattening. Technological change (TC) between the second and third years rose to almost 14%, and the total productivity factor (TPF) spiked as farmers became more skilled and experienced, with a 4.9% increase in comparison to the first year, and 13.7% in the second year.

Publicado
2018-06-27
Sección
Manejo y Alimentación