Growth Dynamic of Sugarcane Cultivars C97-366 and C99-374 for Forage Production

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Yoslen Fernández Gálvez
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7824-9215
Yaima de las Mercedes Daniel Ortega
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0187-870X
Redimio Manuel Pedraza Olivera
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9483-4326
Yoslen Fernández Caraballo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1656-8034
Modesto Salvador Ponce Hernández
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4712-9982
Arelys Valido Tomes
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1959-9554

Resumen

Context: Plant growth analysis is a valuable tool to detect biomass formation and accumulation. The determination of growth indexes enables plants to adapt to different edaphoclimatic conditions, and to select the most promising responses among them.


Aim: To characterize the growth dynamic of sugarcane cultivars C97-366 and C99-374, with forage purposes.


Methods: A randomized experimental block design with three replicas was used. The following growth indicators were evaluated: foliage surface, foliage surface index, crop growth rate, and net monthly assimilation rate, at 181 days (February) and 342 days (July), after planting. Correlation analyses were made to determine the best model fit for every indicator evaluated in the two cultivars, as well as the analysis of variance of regressions.


Results: Cultivar C97-366 was fit to a linear model for the foliage surface index, crop growth rate, and net assimilation rate; the foliage surface was fit to a polynomial model. Cultivar C99-374 was fit to a polynomial model for the foliage surface index, crop growth rate, and net assimilation rate; the foliage surface index was fit to a linear model.


Conclusions: Cultivars C97-366 and C99-374 showed genetic and morphological characteristics that lead to efficient physiological processes that determine proper biomass production.

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Resumen

Context: Plant growth analysis is a valuable tool to detect biomass formation and accumulation. The determination of growth indexes enables plants to adapt to different edaphoclimatic conditions, and to select the most promising responses among them.


Aim: To characterize the growth dynamic of sugarcane cultivars C97-366 and C99-374, with forage purposes.


Methods: A randomized experimental block design with three replicas was used. The following growth indicators were evaluated: foliage surface, foliage surface index, crop growth rate, and net monthly assimilation rate, at 181 days (February) and 342 days (July), after planting. Correlation analyses were made to determine the best model fit for every indicator evaluated in the two cultivars, as well as the analysis of variance of regressions.


Results: Cultivar C97-366 was fit to a linear model for the foliage surface index, crop growth rate, and net assimilation rate; the foliage surface was fit to a polynomial model. Cultivar C99-374 was fit to a polynomial model for the foliage surface index, crop growth rate, and net assimilation rate; the foliage surface index was fit to a linear model.


Conclusions: Cultivars C97-366 and C99-374 showed genetic and morphological characteristics that lead to efficient physiological processes that determine proper biomass production.

Article Details

Cómo citar
Fernández Gálvez, Y., Daniel Ortega, Y., Pedraza Olivera, R., Fernández Caraballo, Y., Ponce Hernández, M. S., & Valido Tomes, A. (2021). Growth Dynamic of Sugarcane Cultivars C97-366 and C99-374 for Forage Production. Agrisost, 27(3), 1-7. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.reduc.edu.cu/index.php/agrisost/article/view/e3918
Sección
Sostenibilidad de la producción agropecuaria

Citas

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