Effects of Supplementation with Microminerals on Production Indicators and Blood, Feces, and Urine Traces of Grazing Alpaca (Lama lama)

  • Luis Alonso Chicaiza Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Cristian Arcos Alvarez Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Paola Lascano Armas Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Julio Enrique Usca Faculty of Animal Sciences, Higher Polytechnic School of Chimborazo, Riobamba, Ecuador
  • Francisco Hernán Chancusig Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Jorge Armas Cajas Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Hernán Bastidas Pacheco Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Maira Martínez Freire Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Silvana Méndez García Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Cuenca, Azuay, Ecuador
  • Manuel Soria Parra Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Cuenca, Azuay, Ecuador
  • Gonzalo López Crespo Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Cuenca, Azuay, Ecuador
  • Raúl Guevara Viera Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Azuay province, Ecuador
Palabras clave: south American camelids, fleece characterisitics, mineral nutrition, grazing, organic fluids

Resumen

To analyze the effect of additional microminerals in the diet supplement on weight and diameter of alpaca fiber, the application of three doses of selenium and zinc (0.0; 1.0; and 1.5 cc) on the diet, on CRD factorial arrangement (3 x 2) + (3 x 2), was assessed. The results showed statistically significant differencences for treatments: selenium doses, ages, zinc doses, and for zinc interaction by ages (Se1E2 with 74.33 kg at 90 days, for height at the withers, Zn1E2, averaging 91.33 cm). Fiber length for treatments Se1E1 and Se1E2 averaged 3 cm. For fiber diameter, treatments 1 (Se0E1) and Se1E1, group 1, and treatments Zn0E2 and Zn1E1, group 2, showed the best fiber quality (P < 0.05), averaging 28 microns. Live weight and fiber quality from mature animals based on supplementation with Se and Zn had beneficial effects, which improved phenotypical features of production, like live weight, though residues were found in 3-5 year old animals.

Citas

ANCASSI, M. (2012). Guía técnica de mejoramiento genético en alpacas. Puno, Perú: OAEPS.

DE LOS RÍOS, E. (2006). Producción textil de fibras de camélidos sudamericanos en el área altoandina de Bolivia, Ecuador y Perú. Retrieved on March 6, 2015, fromhttps://www.unido.org/file-storage.

DEL RAZO, L. y MC DOWELLS, R. (2013). Effects of Dietary Level of Selenium and Grain on Digestive Metabolism in Lambs. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 58, (6), 253-262.

FRANK, E. N.; HICK, M. V. H.; GAUNA, C.D.; LAMAS, H.E; RENIERI, C. y ANTONINI, M. (2006). Phenotypic and Genetic Description of Fibre Traits in South American Domestic Camelids (Llamas and Alpacas). Small Ruminant Research, 61, 113-129.

GONZÁLEZ, M. (2004). Longitud de mecha y diámetro de fibra de alpacas en comunidades de Puna seca (Ocuviri, Lampa, Puno) y Puna húmeda (Pitumarca Canchis, Cusco). V Congreso mundial sobre camélidos, Riobamba, Ecuador.

GUTIÉRREZ, J. P.; GOYACHE, F.; BURGOS, A. y CERVANTES, I. (2009). Genetic Analysis of Six Production Traits in Peruvian Alpacas. Livestock Science, 123, 193-197.

HUANCA, A. N. (2007). Defectos congenitos y hereditarios visibles en alpacas de dos zonas representativas de la region Puno. Cusco, Perú: APPA-ALPA.

LUPTON, C. J.; MCCOLL, A. y STOBART, R. H. (2006). Fiber Characteristics of the Huacaya Alpaca. Small Ruminant Research, 64, 211-224.

MCGREGOR, B. A. (2006). Production, Attributes and Relative Value of Alpaca Fleeces in Southern Australia and Implications for Industry Development. Small Ruminant Research, 61, 93-111.

MCGREGOR, B. A. y BUTLER, K. L. (2004). Sources of Variation in Fibre Diameter Attributes of Australian Alpacas and Implications for Fleece Evaluation and Animal Selection. Austr. J. of Agr. R., 55, 433-442.

MONTES, M.; QUICAÑO, I.; QUISPE, R.; QUISPE, E. y ALFONSO, L. (2008). Quality Characteristics of Huacaya Alpaca Fibre Produced in the Peruvian Andean Plateau Region of Huancavelica. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (1), 33-38.

PARI, N. (2012). Comportamiento del Mercado Mundial de la Fibra de Alpaca. Agrónomos y Veterinarios sin Fronteras en el Marco del Proyecto Binacional Alpaca.

POISSONNET, R. (2012). Iniciativas de transformación de la fibra de alpaca por los alpaqueros y alpaqueras. Límites y oportunidades. Agrónomos y Veterinarios sin Fronteras en el Marco del Proyecto Binacional alpaca.

QUISPE, E. C.; RODRÍGUEZ, T. C.; ÍÑIGUEZ, L. R. y MUELLER, J. P.(2009). Producción de fibra de alpaca, llama, vicuña y guanaco en Sudamérica. Universidad Nacional de Huancavelica, Huancavelica, Perú; Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia; Cochabamba, Bolivia; Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Bariloche, Argentina. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

REYES, A. (2009). Programa en mejoramiento de camélidos sudamericanos (PROCASUD). Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Huancavelica. Extraído el 18 de marzo de 2015, desde http://wiki.sumaqperu.com/es/Los_Cam%C3%A9lidos.

RUIZ, F.; RODRÍGUEZ, L. y GUTIÉRREZ, L. (2009). Evaluación de la eficiencia y tolerancia de una solución inyectable sobre la base de ADN, ATP, Aminoacidos, Vitamina B12 y Selenio en alpacas de la sierra central. Agrovetmarket, 6-11.

SEGOVIA, F. (2011). La realidad de las alpacas en el Ecuador con enfásis en el caso de Chimborazo. Riobamba, Ecuador.

UNGER, M. y CHIAPE, B. (2008). Importancia fisiologica de los minerales en el metabolismo oseo. REDVET, 29, 32-26.

VILCA, J. (2011). La situacion de los Hatos Alpaqueros de la UNOCANC en 2010. Foro Realidad de las alpacas en el Ecuador. Cotopaxi, Ecuador.
Publicado
2018-01-30
Sección
Manejo y Alimentación