Research on Bovine Mastitis in Cuba. Review article

  • Amado K. Ruiz Gil National Center for Animal Health (CENSA)
  • Joan Peña Rodríguez National Center for Animal Health (CENSA)
  • Dianys Remón Díaz National Center for Animal Health (CENSA)
Palabras clave: bovine mastitis, prevalence, etiology, Cuba

Resumen

Mastitis is the main disease affecting dairy cattle. Reducing it is one of the most important tasks Cuban cattle raising has today. Hence, it is essential to know the national background, and research contribution. The literature shows that the frequency of mastitis caused by contagious pathogens has decreased; instead, minor pathogens are frequently the main cause. Research on the incidence of mastitis is recommended in the eastern part of the country. The economic losses associated to the disease, antimicrobial sensitivity of the microorganisms involved, and the differences between mechanical and manual milking must be further researched as well. Somatic cell count must also be extended to the rest of the country. Milking practices and hygiene should be improved. Increased production of medication to control mastitis, and the implementation of research on natural products and alternative treatments must be encouraged. A program to control bovine mastitis would be useful, based on recent research done in Cuba, including several products achieved in the country, using updated international methods to fight the disease.

Publicado
2018-07-19
Sección
Salud Animal