Bio-economic Impact of Strategic Changes in Murrah River Buffalo Management

  • Raúl V. Guevara Viera Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Ecuador.
  • Paola J. Lascano Armas Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (UA-CAREN), Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Latacunga, Ecuador.
  • Cristian N. Arcos Álvarez Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (UA-CAREN), Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Latacunga, Ecuador.
  • Guillermo E. Guevara Viera Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Ecuador.
  • Francisco Hernán Chancusig Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (UA-CAREN), Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Latacunga, Ecuador.
  • Jorge A. Armas Cajas Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (UA-CAREN), Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Latacunga, Ecuador.
  • Guillermo V. Serpa García Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Ecuador.
  • Hernán P. Bastidas Pacheco Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (UA-CAREN), Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Latacunga, Ecuador.
  • Maira N. Martínez Freire Academic Unit of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (UA-CAREN), Veterinary Medicine Degree, Technical University of Cotopaxi, Latacunga, Ecuador.
  • Carlos S. Torres Inga Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cuenca, Yanuncay Campus, Ecuador.
  • Lino M. Curbelo Rodríguez Center for Animal Production Studies (CEDEPA), Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Camagüey, Cuba.

Resumen

The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effects of changes in the strategy to manage the bio-economic efficiency of a Murrah Buffalo production system in the province of Camagüey, Cuba, located 21º north and 77º west, 217 meters above sea level. The climate is tropical humid (Aw) of plains. The mean annual precipitations were 1 180 mm (71% between May and October), the temperatures were between 24 and 29 °C. The soil is brown, without carbonates, and brown-red fersiallitic. The system comprises 5 100 ha and has 536 workers/year. A strategy to introduce management changes in agro-technical, food, reproductive, replacement, health, salary policy, and training was implemented as part of an innovation package with a systemic and participatory approach. The evaluation lasted eight years, and it was critical to increase dairy production in more than 200 000 kg/year in 2012, in comparison to 2004, with improvements in natality and reduction of operational expenses of the system. It was concluded that the strategy had a determining effect on the system's indicators.

Publicado
2018-09-26
Sección
Manejo y Alimentación